LDR 12mm……..An LDR is a component that has a (variable) resistance that changes with the light intensity that falls upon it. This allows them to be used in light sensing circuits.
A Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) is also called a photoresistor or a cadmium sulfide (CdS) cell. … It is basically a photocell that works on the principle of photoconductivity. The passive component is basically a resistor whose resistance value decreases when the intensity of light decreases.
LDRs are made from semiconductor materials to enable them to have their light sensitive properties. Many materials can be used, but one popular material for these photoresistors is cadmium sulphide, CdS.
These resistors are used as light sensors and the applications of LDR mainly include alarm locks, street lights, light intensity meters, burglar alarm circuits.